Medicaid Expansions

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Medicaid Expansions

Access resources specifically focused on Medicaid provisions in PPACA and other related analysis.

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  • 04/14/2014

    This brief reviews the literature on the impact of premiums and cost sharing on enrollment, service utilization, and health status. It focuses particularly on how the research consensus fits with the flexibility Medicaid law gives states to establish premiums and cost sharing. It also highlights changes brought about by new cost sharing regulations and discusses the legal and policy ramifications of proposals by some states to charge Medicaid beneficiaries even higher cost sharing and premiums.

  • 03/25/2014

    Under the ACA, changes in income and family circumstances are likely to produce frequent transitions in eligibility for Medicaid and health insurance Marketplace coverage for low- and middle-income adults. This report provides state-by-state estimates of potential eligibility changes (“churning”) if all states expanded Medicaid under health reform, and identifies predictors of rates of churning within states. The authors found that, even in states with the least churning, more than 40 percent of adults likely to enroll in Medicaid or subsidized Marketplace coverage would experience a change in eligibility within twelve months. Policy options for states to reduce the frequency and impact of coverage changes include adopting twelve-month continuous eligibility for adults in Medicaid, creating a Basic Health Program, using Medicaid funds to subsidize Marketplace coverage for low-income adults, and encouraging the same health insurers to offer plans in Medicaid and the Marketplaces.

  • 03/25/2014

    Effective outreach, enrollment, and retention efforts are essential for ensuring that these new coverage opportunities under the ACA translate into increased coverage. One potential avenue for targeted outreach is through text messaging and other mobile technology, which has become an increasingly common source of communication, particularly among low-income adults targeted by the coverage expansions. To provide greater insight into the potential role of text messaging as an outreach vehicle, this brief focuses on the use of standard cell phones and smartphones for text messages and internet access and illustrates how one text messaging initiative, Text4baby, a free, personalized maternal child health education text messaging service for pregnant women and new mothers, is helping eligible pregnant women and their families connect to health coverage.

  • 03/10/2014

    The expansion of Medicaid eligibility to Americans with incomes up to 138 percent of the federal poverty level should greatly increase access to coverage and services for people recently released from jail and, thus, improve health outcomes and reduce recidivism in this population. The population is disproportionately male, minority, and poor; suffers from high rates of mental and substance abuse disorders; and is expected to make up a substantial portion of the Medicaid expansion population. To ensure connections to needed services after release from jail, states could help inmates determine their eligibility and enroll in Medicaid; take advantage of federal grants to automate systems that determine eligibility; and include a robust array of behavioral health services in Medicaid benefit packages.

  • 02/25/2014

    Many states have worked tirelessly over the past two years to develop health insurance exchanges and prepare for the expansion of their Medicaid programs in order to meet the requirements of the ACA. Programs to expand coverage, however, do not necessarily ensure seamlessness for many individuals who are likely to experience shifts in program eligibility due to changing circumstances (e.g., income fluctuations, family composition changes, etc.). A number of states are actively working to limit the impact of changes in program eligibility by developing policies that limit either the incidence of program eligibility changes and/or the impact those changes have on individual consumers. Various emerging state approaches take into account program history, the desire for state flexibility, and the political and operational challenges states face in developing coverage expansions that work for consumers, stakeholders, and policy makers.