Medicaid Expansions

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Medicaid Expansion and Health Disparities: Hispanics

Apr 2015

In the states that have chosen not to expand their Medicaid program, there are hundreds of thousands of uninsured, low-income Hispanics who are lagging behind on key measures of access to health care. Whether individuals are insured or uninsured greatly affects their ability to obtain regular health care. And in communities of color, where rates of uninsurance and poor health outcomes are higher than in white communities, the differences between those who have insurance and those who lack it are stark. This series of state-by-state reports illustrates the positive effects (in terms of access to care and certain preventive services) of having insurance for low-income Hispanics in states that have not expanded Medicaid.


The Effects of the Medicaid Expansion on State Budgets: An Early Look in Select States

Mar 2015
As of March 2015, 29 states (including the District of Columbia) adopted the Medicaid expansion, though debate continues in other states. In deciding whether to implement the Medicaid expansion, the effect on state budgets has been a key issue for policy makers. This brief examines the early budget effects of expansion in three states: Connecticut, New Mexico, and Washington State. These findings are based on interviews conducted with budget officials and staff in each of the three states; the interviews focused on their state’s experiences in this early period, when the costs of those newly eligible are fully financed with federal dollars.

Medicaid Expansion States See Significant Budget Savings and Revenue Gains

Mar 2015

As states continue to look for new ways to balance their budgets, early results from states that have expanded Medicaid show significant state budget savings after just the first year of expansion. Twenty-six states have expanded Medicaid—this brief focuses on the budget impact in two states: Kentucky and Arkansas. Both states report expansion-related savings and Arkansas reports new revenues. When projected forward, these financial gains are likely to exceed expansion-related costs for years to come. These early savings point to Medicaid expansion paying for itself, at least through SFY 2021, while generating major gains in coverage and reducing the number of uninsured.


An Overview of New CMS Data on the Number of Adults Enrolled in the ACA Medicaid Expansion

Feb 2015

New preliminary data from the Medicaid Budget and Expenditure System (MBES) released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) details for the first time the number of adults enrolled in Medicaid under the new Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansion category. The data show that as of March 2014, among 48 states reporting data, 4.8 million adults out of the total 54.1 million individuals enrolled in Medicaid were in the ACA Medicaid expansion category. These data provide another element of Medicaid enrollment that differs from other enrollment data released from CMS as part of its Medicaid and CHIP Performance Indicator Project, which provide point-in-time Medicaid and CHIP enrollment data to support program management and oversight. These two data sets are not comparable; they have different purposes and include different populations. This issue brief provides an overview of the new data as well as how it differs from the Performance Indicator data.


The ACA and Medicaid Expansion Waivers

Feb 2015

This brief provides an overview of the role of Section 1115 waivers in expanding Medicaid coverage since the enactment of the ACA.  The brief also highlights key themes in these waivers including implementing the Medicaid expansion through a premium assistance model, charging premiums, eliminating certain required benefits (most notably non-emergency medical transportation), and using healthy behavior incentives as well as provisions that CMS has not approved.


Medicaid Expansion In Opt-Out States Would Produce Consumer Savings And Less Financial Burden Than Exchange Coverage

Jan 2015

In the twenty-three states that have decided against expanding Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, uninsured adults who would have been eligible for Medicaid and have incomes at or above the federal poverty guidelines are generally eligible for Marketplace premium tax credits and plans with generous benefits. This study compared estimated out-of-pocket spending for care and premiums, as well as the financial burdens they impose, for the families of these adults under two simulation scenarios: obtaining coverage through a silver plan with subsidized cost sharing and enrolling in expanded Medicaid. Compared with Marketplace coverage, Medicaid would more than halve average annual out-of-pocket spending ($938 versus $1,948), while dramatically reducing the percentage of adults in families with out-of-pocket expenses exceeding 10 percent or 20 percent of income.


Modern Era Medicaid: Findings from a 50-State Survey of Eligibility, Enrollment, Renewal, and Cost-Sharing Policies in Medicaid

Jan 2015

The ACA has contributed to a significant transformation of Medicaid, broadening it as the base of coverage for the low-income population and accelerating state efforts to move from antiquated, paper-driven enrollment processes to a new modernized enrollment experience for individuals. January 1, 2015 marked the first anniversary of key ACA Medicaid provisions, including the Medicaid expansion to low-income adults and new rules for streamlined enrollment and renewal processes that coordinate across insurance affordability programs. This 13th annual 50-state survey of Medicaid and CHIP eligibility, enrollment, renewal, and cost-sharing policies as of January 2015 provides a snapshot of state Medicaid and CHIP policies in place one year into the post-ACA era.


Estimating Federal Payments and Eligibility for Basic Health Programs: An Illustrative Example

Jan 2015

In some states, policymakers and stakeholders are considering adoption of the Basic Health Program (BHP) option permitted under the ACA. Through BHP, consumers with incomes at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL) who would otherwise qualify for subsidized qualified health plans offered in health insurance marketplaces instead are offered state-contracting standard health plans that provide coverage no less generous and affordable than what have been provided in the marketplace. This paper reviews the federal BHP payment methodology; explains how state officials can use information about the characteristics of BHP-eligible consumers to estimate average federal payment amounts; and places the federal payment estimates in context, showing what they can and cannot contribute to a state’s analysis of BHP’s overall fiscal effects.


Michigan: Baseline Report

Jan 2015

This report examines the rollout of the ACA in Michigan, particularly focusing on the state’s passage of Medicaid expansion. The report outlines three key components that contributed to its successful efforts to pass Medicaid expansion – the governor's interest in pursuing the expansion, the support of a strong and vocal multi-sector coalition, and the inclusion of two federal waiver requirements – which could serve as model for other states with bipartisan or Republican-led governments seeking Medicaid expansion.


How States Are Expanding Medicaid to Low-Income Adults Through Section 1115 Waiver Demonstrations

Jan 2015

Following the Supreme Court’s ruling that states could decide for themselves whether to expand eligibility for Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, a number of states have opted to do so using alternative approaches. Under federal waiver, these states have focused on expanding the use of private health insurance, requiring beneficiaries to pay premiums, and incentivizing them to choose cost-effective care. This new brief examines the variety of Medicaid reforms that Arkansas, Michigan, Iowa, and Pennsylvania are currently testing. By linking broader program reforms to the adult coverage expansion, these states can align Medicaid with local political conditions while extending insurance to more than 1 million adults who would otherwise lack a pathway to coverage.

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